MICHAEL
TRUCANO 
TECHNOLOGY | INNOVATION | EDUCATION

edutech blog screenshot

The World Bank EduTech blog

 

Mike was the founder and principal author of the World Bank's influential EduTech blog, which explored and documented uses of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to benefit education in middle- and low-income countries for almost a decade. In many cases, it remains the primary, often the only, documentation of the evolution of specific uses of 'edtech' in specific places around the world at specific times -- as well as the discussion (and sometimes controversy) around such use.

Before ceasing publication during the COVID-19 pademic, weekly readership averaged 10k onsite, 30k via syndication and re-posting. While such numbers are decidedly modest when viewed from today, its sought to appeal to a rather narrow niche: professionals -- including policymakers -- engaged in exploring the use of new technologies to aid a wide variety of  objectives in the education sectors of so-called ‘developing countries’. Posts on the EduTech blog were collectively read over a million times since the blog's inception. Read over a million times, the post on Worst practice in ICT use in education was the most cited, and influential, essay to appear on the EduTech blog. In response to requests from readers in developing countries with poor access to the Internet, eight annual compilations of essays from the World Bank EduTech blog were published as separate, stand alone documents.

In 2024, the EduTech blog was merged into the World Bank's Education for Global Development blog, where the full text of most posts are now available. Individual essays are listed at the bottom of this page. (Some posts, it seems, were accidentally deleted from the World Bank content management system. After each post has been succesfully migrated to its new home, it will appear in the list below. Note that many images did not survive the site transition to their new home on the World Bank site, and most internal links were not updated. To see the posts as originally laid out, it is suggested that you consult the Internet Archive.)

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Background, context and history ('thinking aloud in public') 

In 2009 the World Bank's education sector conducted a year-long pilot experiment to explore a variety of new methods and channels to disseminate its messages and engage with stakeholders and practitioner communities in new ways. One of the most prominent of these initiatives was the Bank's first blog in the education sector: the 'EduTech blog'.

Its goal, as was stated at the upper right hand side of each web page (at least when viewed through a browser: the mobile-optimized version omits this objective), was "to explore issues related to the use of information and communication technologies to benefit education in developing countries." By doing so, it was one modest attempt to highlight particular initiatives, studies and emerging trends that, based on the author's regular interactions with government officials, NGOs, researchers and companies active in this area in developing and developed countries around the world, might be of interest to a wider audience.

In contrast to many standard World Bank publication efforts, which effectively document the end of a multi-year research effort or project and disseminate key findings from such activities, EduTech was also conceived as a way to initiate conversations on various topics with a globally dispersed group of experts and practitioners in a very open and public manner. Its posts were meant to catalyze and open up discussions around many emerging topics, along the way hopefully (and in an admittedly small way) helping to increase the transparency of the activities of the World Bank around related topics by providing insight into emerging World Bank thinking at early stages, inviting comment and criticism.

When it comes to technology use in education, we certainly don't think we have all the answers -- far from it! That said, hopefully some of the perspectives and information documented and explored through the EduTech blog helped readers (and the writers of the posts as well) as they sought to ask better questions

The term 'developing countries' was often invoked on the EduTech blog. This was done this intentionally, if reluctantly (I am not a big fan of the term), in an attempt to subtly reinforce the context of the comments and questions include in its featured essays. One memorable academic commenter on one of the early posts (about the use of mobile phones in education) said basically that 'there is nothing new here, we've been aware of all of these issues for some time'. This may indeed have been true – if tht person was sitting in Cambridge or Helsinki. (One could of course that note that being aware of something, and doing something useful and impactful as a result of this awareness, are not necessarily the same thing.) However, these were very new discussions – and often very different discussions, it should be noted! – in other, less economically privileged parts of the world, and it was to catalyze and participate in such discussions that the EduTech blog was conceived and maintained.

An animating conceit of the EduTech blog was that just because someone works in, say, Silicon Valley or Cambridge - or Washington, DC or Seoul or Delhi for that matter -- doesn't, and certainly shouldn't, automatically endow that person with some sort of special authority in these sorts of issues. Given how much we don't know, and how fast (some, many) things are changing, and the diverse sets of user needs and perspectives in different places, when it comes to the use of technology in education, we all live in so-called 'developing countries'.

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Consolidated list of posts to appear on the World Bank EduTech blog:

Trucano, M. How ministries of education work with mobile operators, telecom providers, ISPs and others to increase access to digital resources during COVID 19-driven school closures. World Bank Education for Development, April 02, 2020.

Trucano, M. and Cobo, C. What might a new global edtech readiness index look like? World Bank EduTech, 
August 29, 2019. 

Trucano, M. Some draft principles to inform the creation of a new global edtech readiness index. World Bank EduTech, August 27, 2019. 

Trucano, M. National online testing as an indicator for edtech readiness? World Bank EduTech, August 23, 
2019.

Trucano, M. The case for a new Global Edtech Readiness Index. World Bank EduTech, August 13, 2019. 

Trucano, M. A new research hub on the use of technology in education in developing countries. World Bank 
EduTech, January 28, 2019. 

Trucano, M. How many computers are in schools can depend on who's asking. World Bank EduTech, 
January 18, 2019. 

Trucano, M. How ownership and liability issues can impact the use of computers in schools. World Bank 
EduTech, January 11, 2019. 

Trucano, M. What to do after your education system is hacked. World Bank EduTech, July 27, 2018. 

Trucano, M. 20 innovative edtech projects from around the world. World Bank EduTech, November 06, 
2017. 

Trucano, M. Expanding the conversation in education around 'access' to the Internet. World Bank EduTech,
November 03, 2017. 

Trucano, M. The Chief Information Officer position at the Ministry of Education. World Bank EduTech,
November 01, 2017. 

Trucano, M. The Edtech Edifice Complex. World Bank EduTech, October 30, 2017. 

Trucano, M. Building and sustaining national educational technology agencies: Lessons, models & case 
studies. World Bank EduTech, October 27, 2017. 

Trucano, M. Questions for policymakers seeking to create or restructure a national educational technology agency. World Bank EduTech, October 25, 2017. 

Trucano, M. An innovative approach to the procurement of 'innovative' large scale educational technology 
programs. World Bank EduTech, November 28, 2016. 

Trucano, M. Open data, closed algorithms, and the Black Box of Education. World Bank EduTech, November
22, 2016. 

Trucano, M. What's changed: Ten reflections on ten years of technology use in education. World Bank 
EduTech, November 18, 2016. 

Trucano, M. Revisiting the Digital Native Hypothesis. World Bank EduTech, November 16, 2016. 

Trucano, M. Education provides the analogue foundation for our digital lives. World Bank EduTech, June 14, 2016. 

Trucano, M. How students in Uruguayan schools are being taught English over the Internet by teachers in 
Argentina -- and in the UK & the Philippines. World Bank EduTech, May 06, 2016. 

Trucano, M. Learning from a visit to a school using technology: Some questions to consider. World Bank 
EduTech, April 29, 2016. 

Trucano, M. Mobile Internet buses, vans and classrooms to support teachers & learners in remote 
communities. World Bank EduTech, April 27, 2016. 

Trucano, M. Zero-rating educational content on the Internet. World Bank EduTech, March 16, 2016. 

Trucano, M. Reflections on the last five years of 'mobile learning'. World Bank EduTech, March 04, 2016. 

Trucano, M. Digital teaching and learning resources: An EduTech reader. World Bank EduTech, February 23, 
2016. 

Trucano, M. Learning from the use of technology in showcase schools. World Bank EduTech, January 11, 
2016. 

Trucano, M. The introduction of large scale computer adaptive testing in Georgia. World Bank EduTech,
December 16, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Learning to code vs. coding to learn. World Bank EduTech, December 08, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Complexities in utilizing free digital learning resources. World Bank EduTech, December 02, 
2015. 

Trucano, M. Common (and uncommon) approaches to preventing the theft of computers, laptops and 
tablets in schools. World Bank EduTech, November 19, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Video games, screen time and early childhood development. World Bank EduTech, October 02, 
2015. 

Trucano, M. Surveying ICT use in education in Africa. World Bank EduTech, September 18, 2015. 

Trucano, M. New landmark OECD PISA study on 'Students, Computers and Learning: Making the 
Connection'. World Bank EduTech, September 15, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Innovative educational technology programs in low- and middle-income countries. World Bank 
EduTech, July 31, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Tablets in education. World Bank EduTech, July 28, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Banning and unbanning phones in schools. World Bank EduTech, July 24, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Lessons from the drafting of national educational technology policies. World Bank EduTech,
June 12, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Research questions about technology use in education in developing countries. World Bank 
EduTech, May 27, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Key themes in national educational technology policies. World Bank EduTech, May 15, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Edtech and MOOC Times in China. World Bank EduTech, May 12, 2015. 

Trucano, M. More comments on using the Internet to connect students and teachers around the world for 
'virtual exchanges'. World Bank EduTech, April 21, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Using the Internet to connect students and teachers around the world for 'virtual exchanges'. World Bank EduTech, April 16, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Prizes, literacy and innovations in education. World Bank EduTech, March 18, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Establishing and connecting leagues of innovative schools around the world. World Bank 
EduTech, March 10, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Universal Service Funds & connecting schools to the Internet around the world. World Bank 
EduTech, February 26, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Will technology replace teachers? No, but ... World Bank EduTech, February 24, 2015. 

Trucano, M. Translating and implementing the Khan Academy in Brazil. World Bank EduTech, December
30, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Collecting data about educational technology use in *all* countries in the world. World Bank 
EduTech, December 23, 2014. 

Trucano, M. How many schools are connected to the Internet? World Bank EduTech, December 19, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Ten observations about 1-to-1 educational computing efforts around the world. World Bank 
EduTech, November 25, 2014. 

Trucano, M. 1-to-1 Educational Computing: A report from Korea. World Bank EduTech, November 21, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Questions to ask (and not to ask) when your president tells you to buy 100k (or a million) 
tablets for students. World Bank EduTech, November 19, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Education & Technology in an Age of Pandemics (revisited). World Bank EduTech, September
16, 2014. 

Trucano, M. What we are learning about reading on mobile phones and devices in developing countries.
World Bank EduTech, September 12, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Contextualizing lessons from the use of the Khan Academy. World Bank EduTech, September
01, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Bad practices in mobile learning. World Bank EduTech, July 31, 2014. 

Trucano, M. A short note to the new philanthropist looking to support education and technology initiatives in the developing world. World Bank EduTech, July 25, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Promising uses of technology in education in poor, rural and isolated communities around the 
world. World Bank EduTech, July 22, 2014. 

Trucano, M and Dykes, G. The Development and Evolution of National Educational Technology Agencies 
Over Time. World Bank EduTech, June 20, 2014. 

Trucano, M and Dykes, G. Why Establish a National Educational Technology Agency? World Bank 
EduTech,June 13, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Evaluating the Khan Academy. World Bank EduTech, June 06, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Sachet educational publishing in a digital and mobile world. World Bank EduTech, May 30, 
2014. 

Trucano, M. Surveying ICT use in education in Asia. World Bank EduTech, May 07, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Checking in with Portugal's big projects to support technology use in education. World Bank 
EduTech, April 29, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Using mobile phones in data collection: Some questions to consider. World Bank EduTech, April 25, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Using mobile phones to collect data in the education sector in Uganda. World Bank EduTech,
April 22, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Using mobile phones in data collection: Opportunities, issues and challenges. World Bank 
EduTech, April 18, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Two new rigorous evaluations of technology use in education. World Bank EduTech, March 18, 
2014. 

Trucano, M. Promoting literacy with mobile phones in rural Papua New Guinea. World Bank EduTech,
March 10, 2014. 

Trucano, M. A 'mobile first' approach to educational technology. World Bank EduTech, February 28, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Paying teacher salaries with mobile phones. World Bank EduTech, February 21, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Interactive Educational Television in the Amazon. World Bank EduTech, February 12, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Bollywood Karaoke and Same Language Subtitling to Promote Literacy. World Bank EduTech,
January 31, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Big Data in Education in 2025: A Thought Experiment. World Bank EduTech, January 27, 2014. 

Trucano, M. A model for educational technology development from … Afghanistan? World Bank EduTech,
January 17, 2014. 

Trucano, M. In search of the ideal educational technology device for developing countries. World Bank 
EduTech, January 10, 2014. 

Trucano, M. Observing Turkey's ambitious FATIH initiative to provide all students with tablets and connect all classrooms. World Bank EduTech, December 18, 2013. 

Trucano, M. More about MOOCs and developing countries. World Bank EduTech, December 11, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Who owns the laptops and tablets used by students and teachers, and how does this affect their use? World Bank EduTech, November 25, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Teachers, Teaching & ICTs. World Bank EduTech, November 15, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Investing in digital teaching and learning resources: Ten recommendations for policymakers.
World Bank EduTech, October 04, 2013. 

Trucano, M. A few myths and misconceptions about digital teaching and learning materials in Africa. World Bank EduTech, September 30, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Calculating the costs of digital textbook initiatives in Africa. World Bank EduTech, September 25, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Using video to improve teaching -- and support teachers. World Bank EduTech, August 27, 
2013. 

Trucano, M. Big educational laptop and tablet projects: Ten countries to learn from. World Bank EduTech,
July 31, 2013. 

Trucano, M. 10 principles to consider when introducing ICTs into remote, low-income educational 
environments. World Bank EduTech, July 08, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Videogames and Learning. World Bank EduTech, June 26, 2013. 

Trucano, M. The Matthew Effect in Educational Technology. World Bank EduTech, June 07, 2013. 

Trucano, M. A different approach to scaling up educational technology initiatives. World Bank EduTech, May 31, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Surveying ICT use in education in five Arab States. World Bank EduTech, May 17, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Surveying ICT use in education in Latin America & the Caribbean. World Bank EduTech, May 
10, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Surveying ICT use in education in Europe. World Bank EduTech, May 03, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Surveying ICT use in education in Central and West Asia. World Bank EduTech, April 26, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Debating MOOCs. World Bank EduTech, April 23, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Missing Perspectives on MOOCs: Views from developing countries. World Bank EduTech, April
19, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Making Sense of MOOCs: A Reading List. World Bank EduTech, April 16, 2013. 

Trucano, M. MOOCs in Africa. World Bank EduTech, April 12, 2013. 

Trucano, M. A new wave of educational efforts across Africa exploring the use of ICTs. World Bank EduTech, April 05, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Next steps for Uruguay's Plan Ceibal. World Bank EduTech, March 22, 2013. 
Michael Trucano – trucano@gmail.com – michaeltrucano.com – @trucano – p.15

Trucano, M. ICTs and Literacy (the old fashioned kind). World Bank EduTech, March 19, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Who owns the content and data produced in schools? World Bank EduTech, March 06, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Broadband for schools? World Bank EduTech, February 05, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Citizens’ Monitoring of the Education Sector in the Philippines. World Bank EduTech, January 
15, 2013. 

Trucano, M. Reporting back from WISE, the World Innovation Summit for Education. World Bank EduTech,
November 23, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Analyzing ICT and education policies in developing countries. World Bank EduTech, November
09, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Mapping Open Educational Resources Around The World. World Bank EduTech, November 06, 
2012. 

Trucano, M. Planning for an edtech RFP: Technical vs. functional specs. World Bank EduTech, September 30, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Textbooks of the future: Will you be buying a product ... or a service? World Bank EduTech,
September 27, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Re-thinking School Architecture in the Age of ICT. World Bank EduTech, August 30, 2012. 

Trucano, M. ICT and rural education in China. World Bank EduTech, August 24, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Developing ICT Skills in African Teachers. World Bank EduTech, July 06, 2012. 

Trucano, M., Jimenez, C. and Hawkins, R. Ten trends in technology use in education in developing countries that you may not have heard about. World Bank EduTech, June 26, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Let them eat laptops?* World Bank EduTech, June 19, 2012. 

Trucano, M., Jimenez, C. and Liu, J. Surveying Mobile Learning Around the World (part two). World Bank 
EduTech, June 01, 2012. 

Trucano, M., Jimenez, C. and Liu, J. Surveying Mobile Learning Around the World (part one). World Bank 
EduTech, May 29, 2012. 

Trucano, M. CheckMySchool.org, websites that call you, and other innovations connecting schools to 
communities. World Bank EduTech, May 18, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Textbook policies in an increasingly digital age. World Bank EduTech, May 14, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Around the World with Portugal's eEscola Project and Magellan Initiative. World Bank EduTech, May 04, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Ten things about computer use in schools that you don't want to hear (but I'll say them 
anyway). World Bank EduTech, April 13, 2012. 

Trucano, M. How (not) to develop ICT literacy in students? World Bank EduTech, April 06, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Developing a national educational technology policy. World Bank EduTech, March 30, 2012. 
Michael Trucano – trucano@gmail.com – michaeltrucano.com – @trucano – p.16

Trucano, M. Evaluating One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) in Peru. World Bank EduTech, March 23, 2012. 

Trucano, M. An update on the use of e-readers in Africa. World Bank EduTech, March 16, 2012. 

Trucano, M. What Sesame Street Can Teach the World Bank. World Bank EduTech, March 09, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Educational technology and innovation at the edges. World Bank EduTech, February 28, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Assessing education with computers in Georgia. World Bank EduTech, February 07, 2012. 

Trucano, M. Mobile learning in developing countries in 2012: What's Happening? World Bank EduTech,
January 31, 2012. 

Trucano, M. eTransform Africa. World Bank EduTech, December 30, 2011. 

Trucano, M. eLearning, Africa, and ... China? World Bank EduTech, December 16, 2011. 

Trucano, M. The Aakash, India's $35 (?). World Bank EduTech, Tablet for Education December 09, 2011. 

Trucano, M. School computer labs: A bad idea? World Bank EduTech, December 02, 2011. 

Trucano, M. e-Learning in Korea in 2011 and beyond. World Bank EduTech, November 23, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Running your own FAILfaire. World Bank EduTech, November 17, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Can you really teach someone to read with a computer alone? World Bank EduTech, October
31, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Surveying ICT use in education in Brazil. World Bank EduTech, October 25, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Using ICTs in schools with no electricity. World Bank EduTech, October 19, 2011. 

Trucano, M. What happens when all textbooks are (only) digital? Ask the Koreans! World Bank EduTech,
July 06, 2011. 

Trucano, M. One-to-one computing in Latin America & the Caribbean. World Bank EduTech, June 21, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Reporting back from eLearning Africa 2011. World Bank EduTech, June 14, 2011. 

Trucano, M. What's next for Plan Ceibal in Uruguay? World Bank EduTech, June 10, 2011. 

Trucano, M. More on SMS use in education in Pakistan. World Bank EduTech, June 07, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Educational Technology Use in the Caribbean. World Bank EduTech, May 13, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Crowdsourcing, collaborative learning or cheating? World Bank EduTech, May 04, 2011. 

Trucano, M. SMS education in Pakistan. World Bank EduTech, April 25, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Education & Technology in Africa: Creating Takers ... or Makers? World Bank EduTech, April 12, 2011. 

Trucano, M. When students are in charge of maintaining the computers in schools. World Bank EduTech,
April 05, 2011. 

Trucano, M. ICT & Global Education For All: Moving Forward? World Bank EduTech, March 28, 2011. 
Michael Trucano – trucano@gmail.com – michaeltrucano.com – @trucano – p.17

Trucano, M. E-Reading in Africa. World Bank EduTech, March 11, 2011. 

Trucano, M. and Hawkins, R. What role should 'education' play in donor ICT strategies? World Bank 
EduTech, March 07, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Education & Technology in 2025: A Thought Experiment. World Bank EduTech, February 25, 
2011. 

Trucano, M. What are developing countries doing to help keep kids safe online? World Bank EduTech,
February 18, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Mobile learning in developing countries in 2011: What's new, what's next? World Bank
EduTech, February 16, 2011. 

Trucano, M. How to identify and locate national ICT and education policies. World Bank EduTech, February 
01, 2011. 

Trucano, M. What's happening with educational technology in 2011? A visit to BETT. World Bank EduTech,
January 27, 2011. 

Trucano, M. What Are the Costs of Not Investing in ICTs in Education? World Bank EduTech, January 18, 
2011. 

Trucano, M. Debating Technology Use in Education. World Bank EduTech, January 07, 2011. 

Trucano, M. Online Educa – Where e-learning practitioners go to learn and network. World Bank EduTech,
December 17, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Sharing experiences on building national ICT/education agencies. World Bank EduTech,
December 15, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Learning from a randomized evaluation of OLPC in Peru. World Bank EduTech, December 10, 
2010. 

Trucano, M. Is there a role for ICTs in international donor aid strategies for the education sector? World Bank EduTech, November 24, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Learning from national ICT and education agencies. World Bank EduTech, November 10, 2010. 

Trucano, M. On the lookout for cool educational technology projects. World Bank EduTech, October 29, 
2010. 

Trucano, M. Evaluating the evaluating of the Millennium Villages Project. World Bank EduTech, October 26, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Stuffing the Internet in a box and shipping it to schools in Africa. World Bank EduTech, October 22, 2010. 

Trucano, M. School computers not working? There's an app for that! World Bank EduTech, September 17, 
2010. 

Trucano, M. Cataloguing low cost ICT devices used in education. World Bank EduTech, September 15, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Learning the Queen's English ... on your mobile phone? World Bank EduTech, September 10, 
2010. 

Trucano, M. One Mouse Per Child. World Bank EduTech, September 03, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Crowdsourcing, ICTs and Education. World Bank EduTech, August 27, 2010. 

Trucano, M. More on e-books in Africa. World Bank EduTech, August 13, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Failing in public -- one way to talk openly about (and learn from) 'failed' projects. World Bank EduTech, August 10, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Surveying ICT Use in Education in India and South Asia. World Bank EduTech, August 06, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Laptops for education: $10, $35, $100 and points in between (but not above!) World Bank 
EduTech, August 03, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Does having a computer at home improve results at school? World Bank EduTech, July 16, 
2010. 

Trucano, M. How would you design an ICT/education program for impact? World Bank EduTech, July 09, 
2010. 

Trucano, M. Searching for India's Hole in the Wall. World Bank EduTech, June 18, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Learning from Becta. World Bank EduTech, June 11, 2010. 

Trucano, M. What happens when *all* children and teachers have their own laptops. World Bank EduTech,
May 14, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Interactive Radio Instruction: A Successful Permanent Pilot Project? World Bank EduTech, May
11, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Worst practice in ICT use in education. World Bank EduTech, April 30, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Mobile Phones and Literacy in Rural Communities. World Bank EduTech, April 23, 2010. 

Trucano, M. The Second Digital Divide. World Bank EduTech, April 16, 2010. 

Trucano, M. New horizons in educational technology. World Bank EduTech, April 13, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Educational Technology in India: Boon or Bust? World Bank EduTech, April 09, 2010. 

Trucano, M. The $10 computer for education? World Bank EduTech, April 02, 2010. 

Trucano, M. PPPs, ICTs & Education: Lessons from India. World Bank EduTech, March 26, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Building national ICT/education agencies. World Bank EduTech, March 19, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Technology Use and Educational Performance in PISA. World Bank EduTech, March 12, 2010. 

Trucano, M. How Can Assistive Technologies Increase Learning? An EduTech Debate. World Bank EduTech,
March 05, 2010. 

Trucano, M. 1-to-1 educational computing initiatives around the world. World Bank EduTech, February 25, 
2010. 

Trucano, M. Ten comments on 1-to-1 computing in education. World Bank EduTech, February 22, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Evaluating the One Laptop Per Child Initiative in Sri Lanka. World Bank EduTech, February 03, 2010. 

Trucano, M. ICT & Education: Eleven Countries to Watch -- and Learn. World Bank EduTech, January 29, 
2010. 

Trucano, M. The UNESCO Prize on ICT use in education. World Bank EduTech, January 22, 2010. 

Trucano, M. A new education sector strategy -- what role for ICT? World Bank EduTech, January 08, 2010. 

Trucano, M. Can eBooks replace printed books in Africa? An experiment. World Bank EduTech, December
18, 2009. 

Trucano, M. How do you evaluate a plan like Ceibal? World Bank EduTech, December 11, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Comparing ICT use in education across countries. World Bank EduTech, December 04, 2009. 

Trucano, M. A Talking Book for Africa. World Bank EduTech, November 27, 2009. 

Trucano, M. An international digital library for children. World Bank EduTech, November 20, 2009. 

Trucano, M. The Maine thing about 1-to-1 computing. World Bank EduTech, November 13, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Television for a change (revolution in a box). World Bank EduTech, November 06, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Linking up with Enlaces (Chile). World Bank EduTech, October 30, 2009. 

Trucano, M. A (digital) library ... in your pocket? World Bank EduTech, October 23, 2009. 

Trucano, M. On-line safety for students in developing countries. World Bank EduTech, October 02, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Tracking ICT use in education across Africa. World Bank EduTech, October 02, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Low-cost ICT devices in education: An update. World Bank EduTech, October 01, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Checking in with BridgeIT in Tanzania: Using mobile phones to support teachers. World Bank 
EduTech, September 25, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Finding (useful) research on ICT use in education in developing countries. World Bank EduTech, August 21, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Making ICT and education policy. World Bank EduTech, August 14, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Surveying the use of mobile phones in education worldwide. World Bank EduTech, August 07, 
2009. 

Trucano, M. Extending Reach and Increasing Impact. World Bank EduTech, July 24, 2009. 

Trucano, M. How to measure technology use in education. World Bank EduTech, July 17, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Tweet tweet -- Twitter in education. World Bank EduTech, July 03, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Sugar on a stick, and other delectables (praise for the lowly USB drive). World Bank EduTech, June 26, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Why we need more (not fewer) ICT4D pilot projects in education. World Bank EduTech, June 12, 
2009. 

Trucano, M. Mobile Phones: Better Learning Tools than Computers? (An EduTech Debate). World Bank 
EduTech, June 05, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Computers in secondary schools: Whither India? World Bank EduTech, May 29, 2009. 

Trucano, M. "ICT is both an icon and an engine of innovation". World Bank EduTech, May 22, 2009. 

Trucano, M. What do we know about using mobile phones in education? (part 2). World Bank EduTech, May
15, 2009. 

Trucano, M. What have we learned from OLPC pilots to date? World Bank EduTech, May 08, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Education and Technology in an Age of Pandemics. World Bank EduTech, May 01, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Are they really using Nintendo in schools in Japan? (and why might developing countries care?). World Bank EduTech, April 24, 2009. 

Trucano, M. The Use of ICT in Education Reform: Sharing the experiences of Jordan and Indonesia -- and 
Singapore. World Bank EduTech, April 10, 2009. 

Trucano, M. ICT & Education @ TED. World Bank EduTech, March 27, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Why are there so many poor evaluations of ICT use in education? World Bank EduTech, March 
20, 2009. 

Trucano, M. From Nepal to the Nordic countries, innovations in digital learning resources. World Bank EduTech, March 20, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Phoning it in: Using mobile phones to collect data. World Bank EduTech, March 13, 2009. 

Trucano, M. A Survey of ICT & Education in the Caribbean. World Bank EduTech, March 06, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Cyberabad Dreams ... World Bank EduTech, February 27, 2009. 

Trucano, M. In with the Outsourcing Crowd: Learning from Nasscom. World Bank EduTech, February 20, 
2009. 

Trucano, M. The Use and Misuse of Computers in Education: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in 
Colombia. World Bank EduTech, February 13, 2009. 

Trucano, M. An update on the new $10/$20 computer for education in India. World Bank EduTech, February 
06, 2009. 

Trucano, M. What's new, and what isn't: Observations from the BETT show. World Bank EduTech, January 
23, 2009. 

Trucano, M. From the Learning & Technology World Forum. World Bank EduTech, January 16, 2009. 

Trucano, M. Big Changes at OLPC. World Bank EduTech, January 09, 2009.